Periodontal (gum) disease occurs when an infection attacks the gums and the surrounding area causing them to become inflamed, bleed and recede.
Harmful bacteria which collect in the gums, due to a build up of tartar on the surface of the teeth, are the main cause of gum disease.
The disease can cause discolouration of the gums from a coral pink to a violent shade of red and results in the inflammation of the smooth gingival tissue. Discovering that your gums begin to bleed when you are brushing your teeth is a certain sign that you have acquired a `form of the disease, whether it be a mild or more severe. Moreover, if you notice that your gum line has begun to recede, you must immediately get advice through Clifton Dental with your local dentist in Bristol.
Diagnosis of periodontal disease will then require treatment, whether the simple process of your dentist removing the diseased gum tissue and the infectious bacteria, or a more serious surgical procedure to remove diseased pockets from the gums. Unfortunately, removing diseased pockets may result in a loss of tissue and over exposed teeth.
Maintaining good oral hygiene and keeping a regular dental health routine is the best way to prevent the onset of gum disease. Good oral hygiene includes cleaning your teeth properly, twice a day, refraining from smoking, eating a diet low in sugar, flossing at least once a day and ensuring you attend regular check-ups with your local dentist.